The French Ministry for Ecological and Inclusive Transition describes renewable energy as "energy derived from natural processes in a state of perpetual renewal". Renewable energy thus provides an endless natural energy source that fosters green growth.

It comes in various forms:

  • Renewable energy used solely to provide electricity: hydro, wind, tidal and solar photovoltaic.
  • Renewable thermal energy: biomass (wood fuel) used to provide heat and electricity; biological, industrial and household waste recovery solutions; biogas; biofuel; solar thermal; geothermal energy and marine energy/en/glossary/m/marine-energy harnessed as heat or electricity, direct cooling solutions and heat pumps.

Unlike fossil fuels, renewable energy produces little to no waste or CO2 emissions. Using renewable energy therefore helps promote sustainable development, and is encouraged under the energy transition act.