To combat climate change and take tangible steps to pursue sustainable development, France enacted a new energy transition act on 17 August 2015.

The "Energy Transition for Green Growth" sets two key targets:

The energy transition aims to achieve a long-term reduction in the country's CO2 emissions and encourage French people to embrace more eco-friendly practices. A number of national targets have been put in place to meet these goals:

  • Reduce total energy consumption by 50% by 2050 (from 2012 figures).
  • Reduce CO2 emissions by 40% by 2030 (from 1990 figures) and achieve a fourfold reduction by 2050.
  • Reduce use of fossil fuels by 30% by 2030 (from 2012 figures).
  • Increase the share of renewable energy sources to 32% of total energy consumption by 2030.
  • Diversify electricity production and reduce the share of nuclear power to 50% by 2025.