Biogas comes from the biological breakdown or fermentation of organic matter such as household waste, sludge from treatment plants, and effluent from agriculture and the food-processing industry in an oxygen-free environment.
This organic matter can be turned into a source of energy through direct combustion and cogeneration or can be fed into the district gas system once it has been treated. Such solutions not only tap the energy potential of waste but also process the organic matter and return it to the soil through anaerobic digestion.
Learning about biogas
Biogas comes from organic matter such as agricultural waste, industrial by-products and urban refuse. It provides a green energy source that contributes to the circular economy.
Biogas: a solution vital to the energy transition
Biogas is essential to the energy transition because of its ability to significantly curb greenhouse gas emissions and provide a stable, linear source of energy that is extremely efficient. It also provides decentralised power generation solutions that make it a key part of the drive to develop a circular economy.
Find out more in Energies Mag - September 2016: biogas, green energy that supports the circular economy.
Biogas can cater to a whole range of needs, providing solutions for agriculture, local authorities and industry.
Energy transition targets
Biogas targets set under the French energy transition introduced in 16 April 2016:
- Heat recovery: 300k metric tons of oil equivalent by the end of 2018 and 700-900k by the end of 2023
- Installed electrical capacity: 137 MW by the end of 2018 and 237-300 MW by the end of 2023
- Biomethane fed into the gas network: 1.7 TWh in 2018 and 8 TWh in 2023